20 stark facts on Africa
A POUND OF COTTON CAN BE PRODUCED FOR 18c (12p) IN BURKINA FASO COMPARED TO 63c (42p) IN THE U.S. YET, BIZARRELY, THE U.S. GOVERNMENT SUBSIDISES AMERCIAN COTTON FARMERS TO THE DETRIMENT OF SOME OF THE POOREST PEOPLE IN THE WORLD
HUNGER KILLS MORE PEOPLE IN AFRICA THAN ALL THE CONTINENT'S INFECTIOUS DISEASES PUT TOGETHER
ACCORDING TO A WORLD BANK REPORT IN 2016 THE NUMBER OF AFRICANS LIVING IN EXTREME POVERTY INCREASED BY 100 MILLION BETWEEN 1990 AND 2012.
62% OF THE URBAN POPULATION IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA LIVE IN SLUMS
COLLECTIVELY THE ANNUAL BUDGETS OF ALL GOVERNMENTS IN AFRICA TOTAL US$450bn (£290bn) YET INTERNATIONAL NGO's LAMBAST WESTERN GOVERNMENTS FOR FAILING TO DOUBLE AID TO AFRICA FROM US$25bn (£16bn) IN 2005.
ONLY 3.8% OF AFRICA'S WATER IS DEVELOPED
ACCORDING TO A HASTILY WITHDRAWN REPORT BY THE AFRICAN UNION CORRUPTION COSTS AFRICA US$150bn (£96bn) EVERY YEAR
ONLY 16% OF ROADS ARE PAVED
IN MOZAMBIQUE IT IS CLAIMED THERE ARE 26 DIFFERENT DONORS WORKING IN THE EDUCATION SECTOR. THE RESULT - SUBSTANTIAL DISORGANISATION
EVERY JOB CREATED IN AFRICA FEEDS TEN MOUTHS
IT IS ESTIMATED THAT 60% OF THE WORLD'S NATURAL RESOURCES LIE IN AFRICAN SOIL
AVERAGE LIFE EXPECTANCY SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA IS 57 YEARS
ONLY 4% OF MONEYS ALLOCATED IN AFRICAN BUDGETS GOES TO AGRICULTURE YET 75% OF THE POPULATION RELY ON FARMING
TO INCORPORATE A BUSINESS IN MOZAMBIQUE TAKES 153 DAYS AND IN SIERRA LEONE IT COSTS 1250% OF AVERAGE INCOME
90% OF AFRICANS NOW HAVE A MOBILE PHONE
FEWER THAN 10% OF AFRICANS HAVE A LEGAL TITLE TO THEIR OWN HOMES
THE BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL CALCULATES THAT 23,000 DOCTORS AND NURSES LEAVE THE CONTINENT EVERY YEAR
ACCORDING TO THE WORLD BANK ONLY 1 IN 6 PROJECTS FINANCED BY THE BANK IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA CONTINUE AFTER FUNDING STOPS
ACCORDING TO SOME EXPERTS IT WILL TAKE AN ESTIMATED 50 YEARS OF PEACE FOR THE PEOPLE OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO JUST TO GET BACK TO THE LIVING STANDARDS IN 1960 WHEN BELGIUM PULLED OUT
FOR 10 YEARS NOW AVERAGE ECONOMIC GROWTH ACROSS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA HAS BEEN 5%p.a. HOWEVER, WITH FEW EXTRA JOBS BEING CREATED, EVER MORE MOUTHS TO FEED, AND THE GAP BETWEEN THE RICH AND POOR WIDENING, THE MAJORITY OF AFRICANS ARE NO BETTER OFF. ACCORDING TO CREDIT SUISSE THE MIDDLE CLASS IN AFRICA HAS ONLY RISEN FROM 18.4 MILLION IN 2000 TO 18.8 MILLION IN 2015.
ACCORDING TO THE UN ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA ONLY 17% OF AFRICA'S EXTERNAL TRADE IS WITH OTHER AFRICAN COUNTRIES. FOR THE EU COUNTRIES TRADING AMONGST THEMSELVES THE FIGURE IS 60%
The total area of Africa is 30,300,000 sq km or 11,684,711 sq miles (20.4% of area of the world) of which 24,500,000 sq km or 9,461,000 sq miles is represented by sub-Saharan Africa. Africa, in size, is roughly the same as that of the US, China, the EU and Australia - added together. Sudan is the largest country - almost 5 times the size of France.
Total population of Africa was 1.263bn in 2016 (16.4% of world total) of which just over 1bn (12.6%) live in sub-Saharan Africa. Africa is the fastest growing continent where the population is expected to double by 2050.
Total size of the economy of Africa is $2,147bn (2.8% of world total) of which $1,498bn (2.0%) represents the total for sub-Saharan Africa. Of the sub-Saharan total of $1,498bn, South Africa represents $294bn or 20% of the total. From World Bank statistics 8 nations in sub-Saharan Africa have seen average incomes fall in the last 50 years - Chad, D R Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Niger, Senegal, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
According to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) South Africa has the highest level of income inequality in the world.
Nearly half the continent's people live on <US$1.25 per day.
Only 3.4% of Foreign Direct Investment touched Africa in 2016.
Sub-Saharan Africa is responsible for only 4% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions each year. (China 23.6%; US 18.3%; EU 14.1%)